LA DIADA - NATIONAL HOLIDAY
The Diada Nacional de Catalunya, the National Day, also known as L’Onze de Setembre (The Eleventh of September), is celebrated every year on September 11th, to commemorate the surrender of Barcelona on September 11, 1714 in the War of the Spanish Succession. As a result, Philip V. abolished the old self-government of Catalonia, which had gone back to the Crown of Aragon, with the establishment of a centralized state in Spain based on the French model.
September 11th is now Catalonia’s national holiday and is not intended to commemorate a victory, but rather this painful defeat and the subsequent oppression of Catalonia and its culture. An important (central) memorial on this holiday is the square at Fossar de les Moreres, right next to the church of Santa Maria del Mar, where many of the city’s soldiers who died in 1714 were buried.
In recent years, La Diada has also been increasingly influenced by the independence movement. Many Catalans take out their flags, decorate the balconies, wear t-shirts decorated with their symbols of independence and meet in different places to exchange ideas and to demonstrate.
When: September 11th
Where: All over Barcelona. A specific place is usually designated as the main event, but regardless of that designation, the Arc de Triomf and the Placa Sant Jaume will always have something to offer.