Castell del Montjuïc
A bit of History
The Montjuïc is Barcelona’s local mountain, meaning it’s part of the city, and has a lot to offer all by itself. It doesn’t only host the Castell, it also used to secure Barcelona’s port, and nowadays, there are several museums, parks, and former sports facilities, the latter of which are currently used as concert venues as well.
The Montjuïc was home to 1929’s World’s Fair, and the Olympic Summer Games of 1992 were held here, too.
The Montjuïc quarry also provided the stones used in the construction of the Sagrada Família, for the sandstone found in the Montjuïc has a rather special structure.
The castle itself was built in the 17th century and played an important role in the War of the Spanish Succession. From here the city was defended, the Castell was taken and lost again and again until Catalonia finally lost its independence in 1714.
Since then, the castle has been regarded as the seat of foreign rule. First because of the occupation by Madrid in the War of Succession, later also by the occupation by Franco. Under his rule the Castell de Montjuïc had the inglorious fate of serving as a prison and also as a place of execution for anti-Frankists. Franco himself erects the first museum here – with glorification of his deeds.