What is there
The “Refugi 307” (Catalan for refuge) is one of over a thousand shelter tunnel systems built and used in Barcelona during the Spanish Civil War of 1936-39. These were numbered consecutively, so this is number 307.
Today, you can only visit one other of these shelters, the one at Plaça de Diamant in the Gràcia district.
The Turó de la Rovira, on the other hand, located high above Barcelona, was an anti-aircraft base but, like the two tunnels, is one of the historic sites of the Civil War.
Refugi 307 is located in the Poble-Sec district, at the foot of Montjuïc hill, from whose quarry the Sagrada Família gets its sandstones.
Standing in front of the entrance, the mountain is literally right in front of you! This is one of the three original entrances, one of which now serves as an exit.
You can only visit the refuge with a guide (English, Spanish, and Catalan tours only). Before you start, you can read the information boards (also in English) in the entrance area until it’s your turn for the guided tour.
When the door to the tunnel opens, you immediately notice that it’s just flat. No stairs? No descent to the bottom? Yes, Refugi 307 is the only shelter tunnel that was simply built straight into the mountain. Normally, in all the other shelters, you had to climb down!
As you walk through the 200 metres of tunnel (with a height of 2.10 metres and a width of between 1.5 and 2 metres), you can easily see the infrastructure: Wardrobe niches, toilets, wells, infirmary, shelters. The chimney, however, was added years after the civil war by families living there!
The house rules were displayed on bright, still easily recognisable boards on the walls. For example, it was forbidden to take food with you, as this might have led to quarrels.
Nevertheless, it is difficult to imagine the place with the people who found refuge here and to comprehend the fears they must have suffered.
Not far from the entrance, you come out of the mountain into the bright daylight again. Even though there is not much to see, it is interesting to look at the subject of Barcelona and the Spanish Civil War through this tunnel.